The difference is very subtle. mindfulness is actually a form of meditation. When you are practicing mindfulness you are actually using a modern form of meditation, developed to make meditation easier and more accessible to normal people.
But meditation is different!
This is where it gets a little confusing because to be mindful really has nothing to do with meditating at all.
To be mindful just means to be aware of your thoughts and be mindful of whats going on. You can be mindful in any situation, you don’t have to be meditating….But then if you are practicing the mindfulness techniques for 10 minutes a day then you are actually meditating.